Dr. Maria Montessori was born on August 31, 1870 in Italy.  Dr. Maria Montessori gained admission into the College of Medicine at the University of Rome  in 1892.  This surprised many people because at that time women were not allowed to attend Medical School.  She was the only female student and had to work extremely hard and persevere to complete her schooling.  She graduated in 1896 at the top of her class.  She was  the first woman in Italy to be certified as a Medical Doctor.

North American Montessori Centre, Montessori 3-6 Classroom Guide

Kramer Rita. Maria Montessori: A Biography.  New York, NY: Putman, 1976.

Standing, E.M. Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work.  New York, NY: New American Library, 1984 (first published in 1957).